Click on the links below to download the CER Newsletter from that month:
Italian Jews can be traced back as far as the second century BCE, tombstones and dedicatory inscriptions from this period still survive today. It is the only Jewish community in Europe dating back to before the Diaspora era. Italian Jews have very different ancestry, with the main strands represented today being Italian, Sephardic, Ashkenazi, Persian and Libyan Jews. The 30,000 Jews in Italy form a thriving community, which is concentrated in the major cities Rome, Milan, Turin, Florence and Leghorn (Livorno). Interest in Jewish culture is wide-spread among the wider Italian population, though knowledge about Judaism is often quite limited. Kosher food is available in the main cities that have a large community.