• Нормативно-правовые акты

    Preamble

     

    The Conference of European Rabbis (CER) is the voice of Judaism and the custodian of our tradition, the union of
    Rabbis of the Jewish Communities of Europe who seek to strengthen their voice and their mission, by transmitting the
    tradition of our fathers to the next generation of Jewish Europeans, defend our religious rights, and represent the
    interests of Judaism and the Jewish community of Europe to the European Institutions and to the governments of
    Europe.

     

    1. Membership:
      1. In order to become a member of the CER a person must:
        1. be a Rabbi with a Rabbinical ordination from an Orthodox Jewish Rabbi or an Orthodox
          Jewish in stitution.
        2. believe in the 13 Principle of the Jewish faith.
        3. be committed and practicing a life according to Jewish law’s and custom.
        4. live or / and work in Europe, or has lived and worked in Europe as in article 1.1.5.
        5. engage in Rabbinical work either full time or part time, or for many years were active in
          Europe in the rabbinate or in the teaching of Torah.
        6. conduct a synagogue service in accordance with Halacha as defined by the SC of the
          CER.
        7. fill out the necessary application form of the CER and possess all necessary
          recommendations.
        8. pay, on time, all CER membership dues.
        9. have not been convicted of any felony.
      2. For members the CER will:
        1. Certify Rabbis in good standing.
        2. Help place Rabbis within communities.
        3. Certify Rabbis who can issue kashrut certificates.
        4. Certify Rabbinical courts which can deal with conversions and divorces.
        5. Help Rabbis who may be in distress in their communities.
        6. Give political and legal advice to Rabbis regarding their employment rights.
        7. Defend Rabbis when attacked by external organisations.
      3. The Rabbis who are members of the CER will have to abide by the following rules:
        1. Rabbis will never attack another member of the CER in any media in another country of
          Europe, without the explicit sanction of the SC.
        2. Rabbis will support other members of the CER in distress.
    2. Standing Committee
      1. Membership:
        1. The supreme sovereign body of the Conference of European Rabbis is its Standing
          Committee, which meets in a major European city or in Israel twice a year.
        2. The Standing Committee is comprised of Rabbis who are members of the CER and conform to
          the standards of the CER and are ready to work with the CER and for the CER, attend its
          meetings and carry out its policy.
        3. A member of the CER SC cannot be a member of another European Rabbinical Organization
          without the explicit approval of the CER SC.
        4. All current members of the CER SC continue to be members of the SC as long as they hold
          their Rabbinical position as explained in paragraph 2a-7.
        5. Member of the SC who do not appear at the SC meetings three times consecutively, are
          automatically excluded from the SC, unless the member was unable to attend because of
          war, sickness or any act of G-d.
        6. When the SC looks to add new members to the SC it will add them according to the key
          provided in the paragraph 2a/8.
        7. Membership in the SC is limited to employed Rabbis, either serving as a minister of a
          Shul, community, city or country, or as a Dayan on an established, recognized Beis Din.
          Upon the termination of such employment, due to retirement, dismissal or any other
          reason, all positions must be vacated within six months and a special appointment or
          election (as appropriate) would be held for the vacated position. The exceptions to this
          rule are for officers of the CER, Rabbis who dedicate much of their time to the CER, or
          those who have a special expertise is needed in the CER.
          1. Rabbis eligible to become members of the CER SC:
            • President
            • Rabbinical Director
            • Av Beis Din of the CER
            • Chief Rabbi of the UK
            • Senior Dayan of the London Beth Din
            • Spiritual Head of the Spanish Portuguese Congregation in Great
              Britain
            • Chief Rabbi of France
            • Chief Rabbi of Paris
            • A Senior Dayan from France
            • Chief Rabbi of Strasbourg, Envoy to the Council of Europe
            • Chief Rabbi of Rome (for Italy)
            • Chief Rabbi of Brussels, Envoy to the EU (for Belgium)
            • Chief Rabbi of Amsterdam
            • Chief Rabbi of Ukraine
            • Senior Rabbi from Switzerland
            • Chief Rabbi of Russia or Moscow (for Russia)
            • Dayan of the Moscow Beth Din
            • Member of the Vorstand of ORD (for Germany)
            • Leader of the Hildesheimer Rabbinical Seminary (Germany)
            • Senior Rabbi from Southern Europe (for Spain, Portugal and Gibraltar)
            • Chief Rabbi of Austria
            • Chief Rabbi of Poland
            • Senior Rabbi from rest of Western Europe (Scandinavia, Luxembourg,
              Monaco)
            • Senior Rabbi from rest of Central Europe (Hungary, Czech, Balkans,
              Turkey)
            • Senior Rabbi from rest of FSU (Belarus, Baltics, Moldova, Georgia)
        8. All Rabbis holding the positions above, can only be elected to the Standing Committee,
          after being voted in as a member by the existing Standing Committee.
        9. In case of position 9, 17, the Chief Rabbi of the country and the Assembly of Rabbis at
          the CER Convention have to recommend the candidate for this position. If there is no
          consensus in the local Rabbinate, the SC will choose the candidate.
        10. In case of position 15, 18, 20, 23, 24, 25 the assembly of the Rabbis of the region
          present at the CER Convention will recommend a candidate to the SC.
        11. An additional 5 seats will be elected directly from the general membership, resulting in
          a Standing Committee of 30 members. If this is deemed too small by the SC, up to 15 more
          Rabbis from the general membership could be elected, resulting in a Standing Committee
          of up to 40 members.
      2. If the SC decides that a new member should be elected to the SC and doesn’t want to wait
        until the next Convention, the SC can consult the Rabbis in the areas mentioned in paragraph 8
        c, d and e and then elect a new member to the SC.
      3. If the SC sees that a Rabbi in the CER does not live up the standards mentioned in paragraph 1.2
        and 1.3, the SC can nominate a Honours Committee to decide on the membership of the Rabbi in the
        SC and the CER.
      4. The list in paragraph 2/8a can be amended by a two thirds majority of the SC, as with all other
        paragraph of this constitution.
    3. The task of the Standing Committee is to:
      1. elect a President of the organisation.
      2. elect Vice Presidents;
      3. elect members of the Presidium;
      4. elect the Av Beth Din of Europe;
      5. can elect a chairman of the SC in case he will be ready to assume responsibilities for the
        fundraising of the budget of the CER with the President;
      6. confirm new members of the SC;
      7. confirm the Executive staff of the organisation;
      8. confirm new members of the CER;
      9. discuss issues and policies of the CER during its deliberations;
      10. confirm the Cabinet;
      11. set the agenda for each meeting;
      12. decide where and when the next meeting of the SC will be;
      13. decide where and when the next convention will be;
      14. set policy and religious standards for the European Rabbinate;
      15. hold revisionary and oversight responsibility over the CER Charitable Trust registered in the
        UK.
    4. Rules of voting for resolutions and elections in the SC:
      1. Members of the SC are obligated to take part in all of the meetings of the SC. Members of the SC,
        who are unable to participate in a SC meeting must inform the rest of the committee in writing.
        Rabbinical Courts such as the LBD, and Rabbinical organizations such as the ORD, which have a
        seat in the SC can send another delegate to SC meetings in case the permanent member cannot
        participate in a SC meeting. The CR of the British Commonwealth and the CR of France can send
        personal delegates to the SC meetings in case of their absence, excluding SC meetings which take
        place during a CER plenary meeting.
      2. The date and location of SC meetings will be announced by the President at least 45 days before
        the meeting. The minimum quorum is 60% of the overall membership of the SC. In a case where
        meetings are not quorate but where issues need to be voted on in between SC meetings, the
        President can call for an online vote.
      3. The online vote has to have the participation of over 60% of the members of the SC, who have to
        vote: aye, nay, or abstain within a 48 hour period. A member of the SC who does not participate
        in a vote, is considered to be in violation of the code of conduct of the SC and can after three
        times be excluded from further online votes of the SC by the President.
      4. The sessions are to be chaired by the president. In case there is a chairman of the SC the
        sessions should be co-chaired or can be divided between the two. The President, or in absence of
        the President the SC, can also nominate a session chair. The nominated chair must be confirmed
        by the members of the SC.
      5. Resolutions which are being passed by the SC should be decided by consensus. By lack of consensus
        the chairman of the SC session can withdraw the resolution or elect to conduct a simple majority
        vote.
      6. All elections are to be decided by simple majority of those present. Changes in the regulations
        of the CER require a majority of the participating SC members.
      7. When electing a new president, candidates have to declare their readiness for the position in
        front of the SC, and affirm their readiness to dedicate enough time and find enough financial
        resources for the next five years for the CER.
      8. Elections for the President have to be by secret ballot. All other elections will be by an open
        ballot in the presence of all candidates.
      9. The official language of the CER and the SC is Hebrew.
    • President and Presidium:
      1. The President
        1. is elected for a five year period and can be re-elected indefinitely;
        2. nominates the professional staff of the organisation;
        3. hires and directs the professional staff of the organisation;
        4. chairs the SC meetings;
        5. nominates a Cabinet comprising from 5 to 9 members of the SC;
        6. heads and speaks in the name of the CER to all governments and organisations;
        7. runs the day to day operation and the finances of the CER;
        8. signs documents in the name of the CER;
        9. sets the policy of the CER;
        10. is empowered to nominate a chairman of the SC to co-chair the SC meetings;
        11. is empowered to create a Board of Patrons to finance the activities of the CER, and will
          present the members of the Board of Patrons afterwards to the SC.
        12. is empowered to create daughter organizations of the CER to accomplish the goals of the CER
          after consulting with the SC;
        13. is empowered to sign agreements with governments, organizations and individuals in the name
          of the CER.
      2. The SC also elects a Presidium consisting of the President, the Av Beth Din of Europe, vice
        presidents, and past presidents of the CER.
      3. Presidium members can be assigned different tasks by the president and confirmed by the SC.
      4. In case of incapacitation of the president by death, illness, political turmoil, or by resignation,
        the presidium of the CER has to validate the fact that the president cannot anymore lead the
        organization and nominate within three month an acting president. Up until this time the oldest
        member of the presidium will function as interim president.
      5. If the SC is of the opinion that the incapacitated president can be brought back to a state where he
        can lead the organization, the SC can extend the mandate of the acting president up to one year. If
        by then the president has not recovered, the SC will elect a new president.
    • Cabinet
      1. If the SC is the parliament of the CER, the Cabinet is the government of the CER. When making any
        major policy or personal decision in between SC meetings, the president should consult with the
        Cabinet by email in order to be advised wisely.
      2. The Cabinet should comprise Rabbis available at all times who are ready to invest the time and effort
        for the CER and should preferably represent the different regions and major communities in
        Europe.
      3. The cabinet should be nominated by the president and confirmed by the SC. The President has the right
        to ask a specific member of the cabinet to resign.
      4. If the President wants to add a new member to the cabinet it must be confirmed by the SC.
      5. The Cabinet will appoint two rabbis to be trustees of the CER UK Charity who will supervise and see
        to comply with the accountants of the CER UK Charity all which is necessary according to UK law.
    • Executive
      1. The President heads the Executive.
      2. The President will hire professionals to run the CER and will have them confirmed by the SC. The
        President also has the right to fire a professional after consulting with the Cabinet in between SC
        meeting.
      3. The Executive is responsible for the day to day functioning of the CER, divided into three
        departments- Rabbinical, political and administrative.
      4. The Rabbinical department is responsible to maintain halachic standards and will be guided by the Av
        Beth Din on halachic issues.
      5. The administrative department will provide services to the members, maintain relations with
        communities, organise meetings and conventions, manage the financial and legal back office
        operations, write letters and will be in touch with all the members of the CER.
      6. The political department coordinates representatives and policy functions, is in touch with the
        various governments and European institutions.
      7. The different departments might be combined if necessary, but ought to be kept separate when the
        organisation has the capacity to do so.
      8. The SC can decide to include its professionals in the SC.
    • General Assembly
      1. The General Assembly of the CER is the CER Convention. The Convention should take place once every
        two years in a place and time voted on by the SC.
      2. Every member of the CER should be invited to the Convention. The SC has the right to invite also non
        CER members to the Convention.
      3. The SC has six month prior to a convention to name a sub committee to designate the themes issues and
        guest speakers to be invited to the convention.
      4. During Conventions, CER members can elect candidates to the SC according to the CER Regulations. The
        candidates of the General Assembly, once confirmed by the SC will serve for two years until the next
        convention.
      5. If the elected candidate to the SC is rejected by the SC, the candidate with the next highest number
        of votes will be eligible to be confirmed by the SC.
      6. The SC will designate a panel of three Rabbis who will be the elections committee.
      7. Elections to the various positions on the SC will be conducted through a secret ballot.
    • Beth Din of Europe
      1. The Av Beis Din of Europe is the highest halachic authority of the CER.
      2. In case a constitutional question arises, and there is a dispute in the SC with interpretation of the
        constitution, the Beth Din of Europe will be the sole arbiter and legal instance to render a
        decision.
      3. In case of monetary disputes between employees of the CER and the CER, the Beth Din of Europe is the
        sole arbiter and legal instance to render a decision.
      4. The Av Beth Din of Europe is automatically member of the SC and the Presidium.
      5. The Av Beth Din of Europe chooses the other judges on the Beth Din, the secretary of the Beth Din and
        as well the place and date of the sessions of the Beth Din.
      6. A new Av Beth Din must be proposed by a ? majority of the Cabinet, and afterwards has to be confirmed
        by a ?majority of the SC.
      7. The Av Beth Din is being elected for life until he dies, resigns, or if the Presidium has come to the
        conclusion that due to illness or political turmoil, the Av Beth Din cannot anymore lead the
        organization. In this case the Presidium will instruct the Cabinet to look for an acting Av Beth Din
        within three month.
      8. If the SC is of the opinion that the incapacitated Av Beth Din can be brought back to a state where
        he can lead the Beth Din, the SC can extend the mandate of the acting Av Beth Din up to one year. If
        by then the Av Beth Din has not recovered, the SC will elect a new Av Beth Din.